A grant programme in the Kent Downs for People, Place, Climate and Nature


What is Farming in Protected Landscapes?

Farming in Protected Landscapes is a funding programme for farmers, landowners and land managers. Here at the Kent Downs National Landscape, we can help you find out more about the Farming in Protected Landscapes programme, explain how it works, and help you make a successful application.

Through the programme, we’re supporting farmers and land managers to carry out projects that:

  • Support nature recovery,
  • Mitigate the impacts of climate change,
  • Provide opportunities for people to discover, enjoy and understand the landscape and cultural heritage,
  • Support nature-friendly, sustainable farm businesses.

The programme is part of Defra’s Agricultural Transition Plan. It has been developed by Defra with the support of a group of National Landscape and National Park staff from across the country. It’s a programme of funding for one-off projects covering these areas of work, not an agri-environment scheme. By supporting the farmers, land managers and people who live and work in National Parks and National Landscapes, we can help protect these exceptional places and support local communities.

Please note, our allocation is almost full for the next financial year (2024-25). We’re seeking more funding and would still like to hear from you about any projects or ideas we can support you with. Please get in touch with our Farming in Protected Landscapes team for more details.

Contact Us

The Application Process

There are 7 steps in the Application Process. The Kent Downs National Landscape team is here to support you throughout to ensure your project idea has the best chance of success:

  1. Please read the introductory information on this page for an overview of the programme and eligibility criteria. You can also refer to the more detailed Guidance for Applicants.
  2. Review the Kent Downs Indicative Projects which provide examples of the types of projects which would be most beneficial for the Kent Downs landscape. These project ideas are to help you start imagining what might be possible for your own project.
  3. Complete the short Contact Us form
  4. A Kent Downs National Landscape Manager will be in touch to discuss within 10 working days to discuss your ideas.
  5. If appropriate we will arrange a site visit.
  6. You’re now ready to complete the Application Form which will be provided to you over email and submit it to us – we’ll check you’ve provided all the relevant information before proceeding. Please ensure you refer to the Guidance for Applicants when completing the form.
  7. Decision: A Farming in Protected Landscape Panel will decide whether your application is successful, whether further information is needed or whether the application is unsuccessful, the panel will provide reasons for its views.

Guidance for Applicants (PDF, 491 KB)


What the Programme will pay for

The Farming in Protected Landscapes programme is open to all farmers, land managers and others (including from the private, public and charity sector) in or benefiting the Kent Downs National Landscape.

AONB Boundary Map

  • You must manage all the land included in the application and have control of all the activities you’d like to undertake, or you must have written consent from all parties who have this management and control.
  • Other organisations and individuals can apply, as long as they do this in collaboration with a farmer or land manager, or in support of a farmer or group of farmers.
  • Common land is eligible for support through the Programme. You can apply as a landowner with sole rights, or as a group of commoners acting together.
  • The programme supports activity on any land within the Kent Downs National Landscape. It can also support activity on other land where projects can demonstrate benefit to the Kent Downs, or the Kent Downs National Landscape team’s objectives or partnership initiatives. Most of the funding will probably be provided to projects within the Kent Downs National Landscape Boundary.


The Farming in Protected Landscapes Programme will pay for projects that, in the opinion of the Local Assessment Panel, provide value for money and meet at least one of the outcomes listed below, under four themes.


  • There are more opportunities for people to explore, enjoy and understand the landscape
  • There are more opportunities for more diverse audiences to explore, enjoy and understand the landscape
  • There is greater public engagement in land management, such as through volunteering
  • Farmers and land managers feel increasingly comfortable with providing public goods


  • The quality and character of the landscape is reinforced or enhanced
  • Historic structures and features are conserved, enhanced or interpreted more effectively
  • There is an increase in the resilience of nature friendly sustainable farm businesses, which in turn contributes to a more thriving local economy – must be delivered in balance with and directly linked to other programme outcomes across the four themes.


  • More carbon is stored and/or sequestered
  • Flood risk is reduced
  • Farmers, land managers and the public better understand what different habitats and land uses can store carbon and reduce carbon emissions
  • The landscape is more resilient to climate change


  • There is a greater area of habitat improved for biodiversity
  • There is an increase in biodiversity
  • There is greater connectivity between habitats
  • Existing habitat is better managed


Your project must also help to deliver the vision, aims and principles of the Kent Downs National Landscape Management Plan 2021-2026.

  • Enhancing important wildlife habitats and promoting connectivity between them.
  • Re-wiggling a straightened watercourse, for the biodiversity and natural flood management benefits this can bring
  • Replacing stiles with gates on public footpaths to promote easier access
  • Creating wader scrapes, or creating or restoring ponds (including dew ponds) to support a variety of wildlife
  • Creating and promoting a series of farm walks across a farm or cluster of farms, providing new access opportunities, links to the rights of way network and interpretation of farming and of the natural and historic features on the land
  • Conserving historic features on a farm or in the wider landscape.
  • Improvements at a key site to enhance disabled access, provide safe access to popular walking routes, or divert access from over-used routes to reduce congestion for visitors and for local residents or to reduce harm to sensitive wildlife
  • Sustainable tourism provision such as new all ability trails, walking trails and on site activities, including e.g. stargazing and dawn chorus walks, providing carefully designed low cost accommodation
  • Supporting a locally-branded food initiative which promotes the links between the product and the landscape in which it is produced
  • Wilding an area of land and promoting natural processes
  • Action to reduce carbon emissions on a farm such as soil management, habitat enhancement and other ‘nature based’ solutions to climate change
  • Whole farm planning for conservation, energy efficiency and economic resilience, including planning across farmer clusters
  • Gathering data and evidence to help inform conservation and farming practice
  • Working with new and underrepresented audiences to enable them to experience the Protected Landscape

Additional Information

Payment rates

  • If an applicant will not make a commercial gain through a project, they could receive up to 100% of the costs.
  • Where an applicant would benefit commercially from a project, they could receive between 40% and 80% of the costs through the Programme, depending on how much commercial benefit the project will give them.
  • The Programme will work alongside – not in competition with – Defra’s existing and new schemes, adding value where it is most needed. If a potential project can be rewarded through those schemes instead, you will be made aware of them.
  • If an activity is equivalent to one under Countryside Stewardship (CS), the Programme payment rate will be the same as the CS rate. If not, we will base Programme funding offers on the projected costs of an activity (with final payments made against evidenced costs).
  • Funding will be awarded to successful applicants throughout the application window, rather than after the window closes, so you should submit your application as soon as it is ready.
  • We will also consider applications for funding in year 2, especially if they aim to begin early in the financial year.
  • Multi-year awards are possible for longer projects. All projects must end by April 2025.

Maintenance agreements

  • Capital infrastructure assets (including, but not limited to, fences, gates, building restoration), should be maintained for 5 years from the date of completion.
  • Machinery assets (for example a brush harvester for grassland restoration) should be maintained for 5 years from the date of purchase.
  • The requirement to maintain natural, cultural and access activities (for example, management of grassland, restoration of a limekiln) delivered as part of programme will cease no later than 1 April 2025.


Application Assessment

Applications for over £10,000 will be judged by a Local Assessment Panel, this kind of system has been used locally before for the Kent Downs National Landscape ‘Sustainable Development Fund’.

  • The Local Assessment Panel will be made up of 8 to 12 people.
  • It will include representatives from the Kent Downs National Landscape, Natural England, representatives from the farming and land management community, and heritage and conservation specialists.
  • We expect that the panel will meet to make decisions every 6 to 8 weeks.
  • Applications for less than £10,000 will be decided upon by a senior member of the AONB team (who has no prior knowledge of the project).

Approved Projects

We are delighted that a wide range of exciting Farming in Protected Landscape projects supporting People, Place, Climate and Nature are now approved, funded, and underway in the Kent Downs.

Approved FiPL projects in the Kent Downs AONB 2021-2022

Approved FiPL projects in the Kent Downs AONB 2022-2023

Farming in Protected Landscapes successes: The Quadrangle Retreats for NHS workers

In 2021 Farming in Protected Landscapes funded a retreat for local NHS workers impacted at The Quadrangle in Shoreham, looking at the benefits of nature, green social prescribing, ‘forest bathing’ and other nature connection practices within healthcare. The pilot was a huge success and The Quadrangle went on to run 27 Out in the Field day retreats and worked with 400 staff from the Darent Valley Hospital in 2022.

What is the programme funding nationwide?

The Farming in Protected Landscape Programme is funding over 200 different projects nationwide. There are a wide range of projects including wildflower margins, soil carbon measurement, orchard repair,  habitat connectivity, farm education for children, wheelchair accessible footpaths and many others. You can read more about some of these projects on Defra’s  Farming in Protected Landscapes blog.

Sustainable Tourism Support for Kent Downs Farmers and Land Managers

If you're interested in Agri Tourism, want to to improve your welcome for walking and cycling visitors, or find out more about being sustainable, visit our Business Resources pages to find useful support and insight materials to help your business develop and improve your sustainable tourism offer. 

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